ENG3327 - English-Chinese Contrastive Analysis
|Year of Study:||3|
|Prerequisites:||ENG1200 Introduction to Linguistics
ENG1205 English Lexical Studies
ENG2200 Grammatical Structure of English
ENG2205 The Sound Systems of English
or with special permission from Instructor and approval by Department Head
This module is designed to introduce students to the essential concepts of contrastive analysis with a focus on English-Chinese comparisons. The two language systems (written/spoken English and standard written Chinese/spoken Cantonese) will be compared and contrasted in terms of their phonological, lexical, syntactic, rhetorical and pragmatic characteristics. In particular, problems and difficulties encountered by Hong Kong ESL students will be examined and analysed. Actual data from students’ spoken and written English samples will be used for illustration. Through awareness-raising and problem-solving activities and discussions on similarities and differences of the two languages, the module aims to help students understand and apply contrastive analysis to English learning. It seeks not only to enable them to avoid common errors in their own English production caused by negative language transfer but also make positive use of prior knowledge of their L1 to facilitate their L2 acquisition.
Upon completion of this module, students should be able to:
- Understand the basic concepts and applications of contrastive analysis.
- Identify salient similarities and differences in English and Chinese pronunciation, lexis, syntax, rhetoric and pragmatics.
- Analyse common English errors made by Hong Kong students due to L1 interference and use the knowledge to improve their own speech and writing.
- Discover how positive transfer between English and Chinese language resources can facilitate the learning of English and use the knowledge to enhance their own English language competence.